Research and Projects


Research


PROGRAM NO.1: ANTHROPOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF THE HISTORICAL AND PREHISTORICAL POPULATIONS ON THE ROMANIAN TERITORY - CULTURAL AND HISTORICAL ANTHROPOLOGY


  • Theme 1: Biological, demographic and pathological investigations on some historical and pre-historical populations from the Romanian territory

Chief Project: Dr. Miu Georgeta, c. s. II.

  • Theme 2: Study of some traditional romanian values in the context of globalization

Chief Project: Dr. Gheorghita Geana, c. s. I.
Research Team: Dr. Marin Constantin, c. s. III; Dr. Stefan Dorondel, c. s. III; Dr. Gabriel-Ionut Stoiciu, c. s.; drd. Liviu Mantescu, a. c. s.
Presentation: Property, artisanship, beliefs and rituals are approached as values incorporating economical, legal, aesthetic, philosophical aspects. Also, some ideas, theories and figures of the national patrimony are reinterpreted in view of the contemporary intellectual paradigms. The strategy is to reveal the identity of Romanian spirituality in the new international socio-political configurations.

  • Theme 3: Palaeoanthropological researches about archaeological discoveries of human bones on Romanian territory

Coordinator: Dr. Nicolae Miritoiu, c. s. III.
Research Team: Dr. Andrei D. Soficaru, c. s.; drd. Mihaela M. Gatej, a. c. s.; drd. Mihai D. Constantinescu, a. c. s.; Alexandra Ion, a. c. s. (studii medii).
Presentation: Research contract between University of Tübingen, „Hieronymus” Cultural Association and „Fr. J. Rainer” Institute of Anthropology, Laboratory of Paleoanthropology regading the Medieval necropolis from Sibiu – Piata Huet. In this collaboration contract were studied 662 graves with 913 skeletons. First the osteological remains were washed, restored and second, they were analyzed on follow criteria: bones inventory, sex determination, age estimation, pathology, and metrics. The obtained results will be studied this year and this project will finalize with a book.

  • Theme 4: Culture, Systems of values, health and history (2008-2011)

Coordinator: Dr. Matei Stircea-Craciun, c. s. I.
Research Team: Dr. Valentin Toma, c. s. III; Dr. Nicolae Leasevici, c. s. III; Alexandra Macovei, a. c. s.
Sub-proiect 1 : Symbolic anthropology
Faza pentru anul 2009: Explorarea si valorificarea dimensiunii metodologice a studiilor de antropologie simbolica asupra artei abstracte
Sub-proiect 2 : Psychiatric anthropology
Heredity, Psychiatry and Eugenism in Modern Romania, c. 1870-1950
Sub-proiect 3 : Religious anthropology
The anthropological persoective in the works of Father Staniloaie

 

PROGRAM NO.2: ANTHROPOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF THE CURRENT POPULATIONS ON THE ROMANIAN TERRITORY - BIO-PSYCHO-MEDICAL ANTHROPOLOGY

 

  • Theme 1: Anthropological Atlases
A. Romanian Anthropological Atlas (2008-2011)
Coordinators: Dr. Cristina Glavce, c.s.I; Dr. Elena Radu, c.s.I; Dr. Cornel Vulpe, c.s.I; Dr. Maria Stirbu, c.s.I; Dr. Ana Tarca, c.s.I.; Dr. Emilia Iancu, c.s. I.; Dr. Alexandru Ispas, c.s.I.
Research Team: Dr. Miu Georgeta, c.s. II; Dr. Simalcsik Angela, c.s. III; drd. Simalcsik Robert-Daniel, a.c.s.; Dr. Fedor George-Catalin, c.s.III; Dr. Eleonora Luca, c.s. II,; Luminita Ciotaru, c.s. III; Dr. Nicolae Leasevici, c.s. III; Monica Petrescu, a.c.s.; Dr. Ion Popa, a.c.s.; drd. Nicoleta Milici, c.s.; Mihaela Pavel, a.c. cu studii medii; Marina Tatulea, a.c. studii medii; Ioana Fulga, a.c. studii medii; Iuliana Constantin, a.c. studii medii; Nicolae Tiurbe, technician; Asiminei Vasilica Monica, a.c.s.; Plugariu Elena, technician.
Presentation: The Anthropological Atlas of Romania represents a biological document with historical value and social relevance, which places the man as a member of a collectivity which depends on the biological quality of its individual members and which develops according to particular historical and geographical conditions. The Anthropological Atlas reflects the variability in time and space of the biological evolution of populations but it represents also a data provider for the programs and politics of health promoting, of aging prediction, all of these standing to the foundations of biological measures of security for Romanian population.

B. Anthropological Atlas of the Danube Delta (2008-2010)
Coordinators: Dr. Stirbu Maria, c.s.I; Dr. Tarcă Ana, c.s.I

Research Team: Dr. Miu Georgeta, c.s. II;  Dr. Simalcsik Angela, c.s. III; Dr. Fedor George-Catalin, c.s.III; drd. Simalcsik Robert-Daniel, a.c.s.; Asiminei Vasilica Monica, a.c.s.; Plugariu Elena, technician.
Presentation: The atlas is the result of a complex anthropological study on the population of the Danube Delta, considered both globally and according to its ethnic groups, illustrating the variability of the cephalo-facial and bodily anthropometric indices, as well as the morphological, typological, hemato-typical, physiometrical, dermatoglyphic and demographic characteristics.

 

  • Theme 2: The influence of life stile and socio-economic conditions upon the corporality of the child and teenager from urban environment (2008-2010)

Research Manager: Dr. Cristina Glavce, c.s. I
Research Team: Dr. Emilia Elena Iancu, c.s. I; Dr. Elena Radu, c.s. I; Luminita Ciotaru, c.s..III; Drd. Nicoleta Milici, c.s.; Drd. Cristina Stan, c.s.; Dr. Consuel Ionica, a.c.s.; Ion Popa, c.s. ; Iulia Lapadat, a.c.s.; Iuliana Constantin, a.c. studii medii; Ioana Fulga, a.c. studii medii; Mihaela Pavel, a.c. studii medii; Simionescu Ionut, a.c. studii medii; Nicolae Tiurbe, technician

a) The influence of life stile and socio-economic conditions upon the growth and development of the child and teenager from urban environment (2008-2010)
Research Team subproject a): Dr. Elena Radu, c.s. I ; Luminita Ciotaru, c.s. III; drd. Nicoleta Milici, c.s.; Dr. Consuel Ionica, a.c.s.; Iuliana Constantin, a.c. studii medii; Ioana Fulga, a.c. studii medii; Nicolae Tiurbe, technician
Presentation: Socio-economical changes of the present period of time, especially of the life stile, perturbed by modifications in the traditional alimentary diet and by massive invasion of IT technologies in the life of children and teenagers have led to an increased number of overweight and obese subjects from Romanian urban environment. Their physical activities have dramatically decreased, favoring a sedentary life stile.

b) The influence of life stile and socio-economic conditions upon the growth and development of the third age persons from urban environment (over 65 years old)
Research Team subproject b): Dr. Emilia Elena Iancu, c.s. I; Ion Popa, c.s.; Iulia Lapadat, a.c.s. ; Iuliana Constantin, a.c. studii medii; Ioana Fulga, a.c. studii medii; Nicolae Tiurbe, technician
Presentation: With the increase of the life-hope, third-age segment population becomes one of the most vulnerable inside the system of social assistance, according with OMS's definition. Biological health and comfort for this segment of population are a difficult task, because of financial and social motives. Decrease of natality and aging of population lead to an increased number of lonely old persons, who are more exposed to isolation in the urban environment. The life-stile associated with socio-economic factors determines that concept of normal aging, a tendency of the whole world. To understand bio-medical and psycho-social limits of normal, the study of the persons over 65 years old becomes a priority for the medical anthropology, and this normal is determined by socio-economic conditions and the life stile of the subjects of this category.

c) Health-risk behaviors of teenagers (2007-2010)
Research Team subproject c): Dr. Elena Radu, c.s. I; Luminita Ciotaru, c.s. III; Mihaela Pavel, a.c. studii medii; Simionescu Ionut, a.c. studii medii
Presentation: Behaviors at risk for the health of teenagers is a project which uses anthropological method for early discovery of nutritional health unbalances of the children and teenagers population and also for finding the critical age for the beginning of pathological manifestations as the obesity, which are the foundations for other chronic and degenerating disease's chain reaction starting process.

 

  • Theme 3:  A complex anthropological investigation on children, teen-agers and younths-biological, dermatoglyphic and sociological aspects

Coordinators: Dr. Stirbu Maria, c.s. I; Dr. Tarcã Ana, c.s. I
Research Team: Dr. Simalcsik Angela, c.s. III; drd. Fedor Cãtãlin-George, c.s. III; drd. Simalcsik Robert-Daniel, a.c.s.; Asiminei Vasilica Monica, a.c.s.; Plugariu Elena, technician.
Presentation: The study analyzes the level of physical development of the newborns from the rural area of the Kishinew district (Republic of Moldova), comparatively with the rural area of the Iaşi district (Romania), of the stature-weight ratio in adolescents from the Iaşi city – as correlated with the socio-economic (mainly alimentary) factors, as well as of the modifications observed in the digital and palmar dermatoglyphic picture of children with ages between 6 and 18 years, suffering from eneuresis.


  • Theme 4: Psychological reference points of the family into systemic and anthropological approach  

Coordinator: Dr. Cornelia Rada, c.s. III
Research Team: Drd. Suzana Manolescu, c.s.; Drd. Adriana Borosan, a.c.s; Marinela Tatulea, a.c. studii medii; Nicolae Tiurbe, technician
Presentation: The determination and the extensive assessment of the marital and family system health, using a battery of psychometric tests in correlation with bio social and demographic characteristics. Clinical assessment of the family profile by circumplex model, identification of the behaviour problems or mental disorders with family impact, determination of the emotional intelligence level and also the sexual reproductive health diagnosis, in the context of the “demographic winter”.

 

  • Theme 5: Biomedical research of the family. The anthropological study of children and teenagers with disabilities in the context of genetic and environmental factors and possibilities of their social integration (2007-2009).

Chief Project: Dr. Corneliu Vulpe, c.s. I
Research Team: Dr. Eleonora Luca, c.s. II; Dr.  Lacramioara Petre, c.s.; Monica Petrescu, a.c.s.; Marius Radu, a.c.s.
Presentation: The project proposes the study of children and teenagers with disabilities, both of bio-anthropological aspect and of their health and social life. The study has an especial present importance for medical and social assistance, taking in to account the possibility of their future integration in various professional groups. The results will form a complex anthropological picture, specific to the age of these children and correlated with their handicap.

 

  • Tema 6: Anthropo-medical and electro-graphic diagnostic optimization studies for adaptive response estates to the modern life conditions

Research Manager: Dr. Cornelia Guja, c.s. I
Research Team: Dr. Adina Baciu, c.s.; Drd.  Mircea Ciuhuta, a.c.s.
Presentation: Trans-disciplinary (anthropometric, medical, electro-physiological etc.) investigation of representative lots of healthy or sick people for the extension of Anthropology of Individual Laboratory database and for elaboration of scientific papers with practical applicability and with future potential for anthropological research. For the year 2009: defining the basics for the optimization of anthropo-medical diagnostic; documentation and data gathering; correlations with other factors (anthropological or from other domains); methodologies; method application and exploration; collaborations.